Case Reports

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Case Reports

Smartphones Change Teens’ Digital Media Use Patterns

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Teenagers who own smartphones spend more time online—including during the night, which may affect their sleep. A new University of Basel study on more than 300 students reports that teenagers’ digital media use during the night is associated with an increased risk of sleep problems and depressive symptoms.

Case Reports

CBT for Insomnia Reduces Suicidal Thoughts in Veterans

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A new study shows the treatment of insomnia in veterans is associated with a significant reduction in suicidal ideation.

Results show that suicidal ideation decreased by 33% following up to six sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I).

InfantSleep

Case Reports

Sleep Improves, Structures Infant Memory

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While infants sleep, they are reprocessing what they have learned. Working with researchers from the University of Tübingen, scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig, Germany, have discovered that babies of the age 9 to 16 months remember the names of objects better if they had a short nap.

MorningLarkAthletes

Case Reports

Athlete’s Circadian Phenotypes Impact Athletic Competition Outcomes

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The outcome of that big sporting event you just can’t wait to watch may depend on how the timing of the match aligns (or doesn’t) with the internal biological clocks of the athletes on the teams, according to a study reported today in the Cell Press journal Current Biology. Athletes and coaches would do well to make note and adjust their schedules accordingly, the researchers say.

Case Reports

Menopause Does Not Create Difficulty Sleeping

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Women in their late 30s and 40s who have trouble sleeping are more than three times more likely to suffer sleep problems during menopause than women who have an easier time getting shut-eye, according to a new study by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

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Case Reports

Reducing Work-family Conflicts Helps People Sleep Better

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A multi-institution team of sleep researchers recently found that workers who participated in an intervention aimed at reducing conflict between work and familial responsibilities slept an hour more each week and reported greater sleep sufficiency than those who did not participate in the intervention.

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Case Reports

Sleeping on Stomach May Increase Risk of Sudden Death in Epilepsy

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New research shows that stomach sleepers with epilepsy may be at higher risk of sudden unexpected death, drawing parallels to sudden infant death syndrome in babies. The study is published in the January 21, 2015, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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eczemainsomnia

Case Reports

Eczema Sufferers Have Higher Insomnia Rates

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Eczema wreaks havoc on its sufferers’ lives with health problems that are more than skin deep. Adults who have eczema—a chronic itchy skin disease that often starts in childhood—have higher rates of smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, and obesity and are less likely to exercise than adults who don’t have the disease, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study.

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asthma OSA

Case Reports

Asthma May Boost Sleep Apnea Risk

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Previously diagnosed asthma is a risk factor for developing obstructive sleep apnea, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

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Case Reports

Black Women Working Night Shifts Have Increased Diabetes Risk

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Data from a large ongoing study into the health of African-American women show that those who work night shifts are significantly more likely to develop diabetes than those who have never worked night shifts, with more years working the night shift resulting in a higher risk.

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Case Reports

Sleep Quality Linked to Students’ Math, Language Grades

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A study by researchers at McGill University and the Douglas Mental Health University Institute in Montreal found that a good night’s sleep is linked to better performance in math and languages–subjects that are powerful predictors of later learning and academic success.